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父母教养方式和自我接纳程度对中职学生 社交恐惧的影响
李振华曹建琴褚福柳王海娜王冰苏红宇虹
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目的 探讨中职学生自我接纳在父母教养方式与社交恐惧之间的中介作用,为其心理 干预方案的制定提供依据。方法 以1 253 名中职学生为被试群体,采用简明社交恐惧量表(BSPS)、自 我接纳量表(SAQ)和父母教养方式量表(EMBU)进行横断面研究。采用结构方程模型和Bootstrap 法验 证自我接纳在父母教养方式与社交恐惧之间的中介作用。结果 结果表明,除父母偏爱因子外,社交 恐惧与父母教养方式其他9 个因子显著相关(Ps< 0.01);社交恐惧与自我接纳、自我评价显著负相关 (Ps< 0.01);自我接纳、自我评价与父母教养方式中的部分因子显著相关(Ps< 0.01);结构方程模型结 果显示,自我接纳在父母教养方式与社交恐惧之间起中介作用(χ2/df=5.50,RMSEA=0.060,CFI=0.973, TLI=0.961,SRMR=0.047);Bootstrap 检验结果表明,自我接纳的中介效应贡献率为76.47%。结论 自我 接纳在父母教养方式和社交恐惧之间起完全中介作用。
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学基金项目(16YJCZH002);黑龙江省哲学社会科学研究规划项目 (19EDB091);哈尔滨医科大学(大庆)研究生导师基金(DSJJ2015005)
Influence of parenting style and self-acceptance on social fear of vocational school students
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Abstract:
Objectives To explore the mediating role of self-acceptance between parenting style and social phobia, so as to provide evidence for the formulation of intervention plan. Methods A total of 1 253 students from secondary vocational schools were recruited as the research subject. A cross-sectional study was carried out with the Brief Social Phobia Scale( BSPS), the Self-Acceptance Questionnaire( SAQ) and Egma Minnen av Bardndosnauppforstran( EMBU). The structure equation model and bootstrap were adopted to verify the mediating effect of self-acceptance between parenting style and social phobia. Results Apart from parental preference factor, social phobia is significantly correlated with 9 factors of parenting style( Ps<0.01). Social phobia is significantly negatively correlated with self-acceptance and self-assessment( Ps< 0.01). Selfacceptance and self-assessment are significantly correlated with most factors of parenting style( Ps<0.01). The structural equation model showed that self-acceptance played a fully mediation role between parenting style and social phobia( χ2/df=5.50, RMSEA=0.060, CFI=0.973, TLI=0.961, SRMR=0.047). Bootstrapping indicated that the mediating effect of self-acceptance accounted for 76.47%. Conclusions Self-acceptance has a fully mediating effect between parenting style and social phobia.

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